General options

  • Routing Type - Recommended is to use Practical.  Shortest will give you the shortest distance but will typically take longer due to more stops, turns, and traffic.  Shortest should only be considered for local delivery operations.
  • Road Network - This is a standard default based on vehicle dimensions.  For straight lengths 48' or less and widths 96" or less, you can select  if you want all your drivers to follow the same routing as if they were pulling a 53', 102" trailer.  Note: This will end up creating longer routes than required for smaller trailers.
  • Ferries - Best practice is to discourage or select to avoid ferries in North America.  This will help in avoiding queuing and unpredictable delays associated with Ferries.  Note: Allowing ferries does not prevent usage of ferries but merely creates a greater penalty for that route.
  • International Borders Open - This setting only affects domestic deliveries that have a shorter path cutting through another country.  International delivery routing will ignore this value.  Best practice in North America is to un-select the International Borders Open setting.

Vehicle Dimensions

  • Maximum Height 

    • The industry standard limit for height is 13'6".  To simplify the creation of profiles, please note that every 6" is significant. For example, all trailers at 12'1", 12'3", 12'6" should be assigned a profile with 12'6".

  • Maximum Width 

    • The industry standard limit for width is 102".  Anything over 96" will force routing on the National Network + State Extensions to be legal (note that 20 states today do not enforce).  The groupings should be 102" or 96", lower widths will not impact routing.

  • Total Length 

    • 53' trailer is the industry standard and forces National Network + State Extensions.  Anything over 48' will force routing on the National Network + State Extensions to be legal (Note: 20 states currently do not enforce).  

    • More than just a legal setting, ALK calculates turning radius using the maximum straight length to see if the driver can make the turn (especially considering u-turns).  

    • You do not need to include the tractor's length in this value for tractor/trailer.  If you have straight trucks, then the full length is important for calculating safe turning radii. Likewise, for length, every 6 feet is important and profiles can be grouped accordingly (e.g. straight trucks 26', 28', 30' should be grouped in 30').

  • Maximum Weight 

    • Input the truck/tractor's GVWR (gross vehicle weight registration)as authorities are concerned about GVWR and not the actual loaded weight.

Road Preferences

  • All road preferences should be set to Neutral unless all the trucks using this profile are performing local delivery. 

  • The speed by road type is not the speed limit, and should be set to the average speed for that road type for that profile.  The speed by road type is only used for ETA calculations for the ETA shown on the CoPilot screen.  These settings will not affect the routing.

Note:  Initial settings are global averages and are slower than what would be typically experienced in North America.   North American operations allow  increased settings by 15-20% and are able to be adjusted based on driver feedback.